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March 2022 Vol. 28, 3

state budget
CSBA budget advocacy priorities for 2022–23
Increasing funding for the LCFF base allows for the best use of funds locally
Budget season is in full swing in Sacramento as hearings and negotiations between Gov. Gavin Newsom, the Legislature and stakeholders continue. With high revenues fueling another big budget cycle and no shortage of challenges facing schools, here’s what CSBA is focusing our budget advocacy on this year.
It’s all about the base
First and foremost, a recommitment to the Local Control Funding Formula through an increase in base funding beyond the statutorily required cost-of-living adjustment (COLA) is paramount. Despite perceptions that education received a great deal of new revenue in the last budget, most new funds are one-time, tied up in categorical programs with eligibility restrictions or in competitive grant programs that many districts lack the capacity or resources to access or sustain. The required 5.33 percent statutory COLA in the Governor’s January Budget Proposal is appreciated, but insufficient to meet the needs of local educational agencies as inflation and fixed costs continue to rise. Schools simply cannot accommodate new programs if they are already stretched thin conducting basic operations.
Education workforce housing handbook cover
A new report from the University of California, Los Angeles’ cityLAB, UC Berkeley’s Center for Cities + Schools and Terner Center for Housing Innovation, in collaboration with CSBA and the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, reviews the need for education workforce housing solutions.
Identifying homeless students is paramount to providing proper supports
AB 27 requires LEAs to identify all homeless and unaccompanied youths enrolled in their schools
a childs hand being held by an adults hand at an outdoor camping area

Homeless students face unique challenges in the quest to achieve academically. Students experiencing homelessness are more likely to be chronically absent, change schools multiple times, be suspended and be enrolled in high-poverty schools, and are less likely, compared to their peers, to meet or exceed state standards, complete high school and attend postsecondary institutions, according to a June 2021 report from the Learning Policy Institute. These problems are of even more concern when looking at the extent of student homelessness in California. More than 20 percent of the country’s students identified as experiencing homelessness reside in California. In 2018–19, approximately 4 percent of students statewide were identified as experiencing homelessness. The number had been steadily increasing over the prior three years and data shows that students of color and English learners are disproportionately impacted. In addition, there is growing concern that these numbers do not accurately reflect the extent of the problem.

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Chief Information Officer:
Troy Flint |

Editorial Director:
Kimberly Sellery |

Marketing Director:

Andy Rolleri |

Staff Writers and Contributors:
Alisha Kirby |
Heather Kemp |
Teresa Machado |
Mike Ambrose |
Barbara Laifman |

Graphic Design & Branding Director:
Kerry Macklin |

Dr. Susan Heredia | Natomas USD

Susan Markarian | Pacific Union ESD

Vice President:
Albert Gonzalez | Santa Clara USD

Immediate Past President:
Xilonin Cruz-Gonzalez | Azusa USD

CEO & Executive Director:
Vernon M. Billy

The California School Boards Association is the essential voice for public education. We inspire our members to be knowledgeable leaders, extraordinary governance practitioners and ardent advocates for all students.

California School News (ISSN 1091-1715) is published 11 times per year by the California School Boards Association, Inc., 3251 Beacon Blvd., West Sacramento, CA 95691. 916-371-4691. $4 of CSBA annual membership dues is for the subscription to California School News. The subscription rate for each CSBA nonmember is $35. Periodicals postage paid at West Sacramento, CA and at additional mailing office. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to California School News, 3251 Beacon Blvd., West Sacramento, CA 95691.

News and feature items submitted for publication are edited for style and space as necessary.

CSBA & NSPRA logos
President’s Message: Dr. Susan Heredia
If we forget the past of school funding, we are doomed to repeat it

After nearly a decade of the Local Control Funding Formula, it’s easy to take the system for granted. For many school trustees and most of the Legislature, it’s the only school funding system they’ve ever known. Perhaps that’s why many of our representatives at the Capitol are complacent toward or even dismissive of LCFF. This nonchalant attitude is cause for alarm because LCFF is a huge step beyond California’s previous method of funding public education. Anyone seeking to improve resources and conditions for students should be focused on bolstering LCFF — primarily by increasing base funding — not chiseling away at a historic commitment to our public schools.

A robust defense of LCFF, combined with aggressive advocacy for its expansion, is crucial to address both our near-term challenges and our long-term goals of strengthening public schools, closing opportunity and achievement gaps, and improving student outcomes. To understand the connection, it’s helpful to review the funding system before LCFF.

2022–23 CSBA Officers and Board of Directors
Susan Heredia Headshot
Susan Heredia

Natomas USD
Susan Markarian - Region 10
Susan Markarian

Pacific Union ESD
Albert Gonzalez Headshot
Albert Gonzalez
Vice President

Santa Clara USD
Xilonin Cruz-Gonzalez - President
Xilonin Cruz-Gonzalez
Immediate Past President

Azusa USD
Frank Magarino - Region 1
Frank Magarino
Region 1

Del Norte County USD
Sherry Crawford - Region 2
Sherry Crawford
Region 2

Siskiyou COE
Tony Ubalde - Region 3
Tony Ubalde
Region 3

Vallejo City USD
Renee Nash Headshot
Renee Nash
Region 4

Eureka Union SD
Alisa MacAvoy - Region 5
Alisa MacAvoy
Region 5

Redwood City SD
Darrel Woo - Region 6
Darrel Woo
Region 6

Sacramento City USD
James Aguilar Headshot
James Aguilar
Region 7

San Leandro USD
Stephen J. Schluer Headshot
Stephen J. Schluer
Region 8

Manteca USD
CSBA’s Directors-at-Large
We are your Directors-at-Large. We are elected by the CSBA Delegate Assembly to represent our different constituencies on the Board of Directors and at CSBA. We want to take this opportunity to introduce ourselves. DALs will contribute occasional columns to keep members informed.
Amy Koo
Director-at-Large, Asian Pacific Islander
Amy Koo Headshot
I was elected as CSBA Director-at-Large, Asian Pacific Islander (API) in December 2020 after serving as a CSBA Delegate for three years. I’m a board member with the Belmont-Redwood Shores School District in San Mateo County, a K-8 district with about 4,000 students. As the vice-president of the API School Board Members Association, I co-led the statewide campaign to ensure an inclusive AAPI unit in the Ethnic Studies Model Curriculum. As the DAL/API, my goal is to be the voice of the AAPI students and community in CSBA Board of Director meetings, help educate board members across the state on issues impacting the AAPI community, and champion the importance of an inclusive curriculum in improving student outcomes.
Governance corner
Practical tips from our MIG faculty
How do board policies guide the work of the board?
Handling paperwork
Veteran trustees and newly elected board members alike can often feel somewhat confused, if not outright intimidated, with the part of their responsibility that includes developing, maintaining and evaluating policies. Seeking a clear understanding of the way board policies are tools at a board’s disposal can, in most cases, help address any confusion or concerns. The first steps to demystifying this essential duty include understanding the role of the board, identifying a clear process for policy development, and determining roles and responsibilities for staff.
Education workforce housing can reduce teacher shortages, suggests new report
CSBA collaborates on how-to guide
Many of California’s public school teachers and staff cannot afford to live in the communities where they work, forcing them to commute long distances or pushing them out of the education system altogether. As districts attempt to recruit and retain teachers amid skyrocketing housing costs, some local educational agencies have begun seeking to take advantage of the Teacher Housing Act of 2016, which authorizes LEAs to pursue affordable housing for employees by leveraging a range of programs and fiscal resources available to other housing developers.

A new report from the University of California, Los Angeles’ cityLAB, UC Berkeley’s Center for Cities + Schools and Terner Center for Housing Innovation, in collaboration with CSBA and the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative — Education Workforce Housing in California: Developing the 21st Century Campus — provides an extensive review of the need for public education workforce housing, where and how some strategies can be implemented, and recommendations to advance housing solutions on land currently owned by LEAs.

California school mask mandate ends March 11
School masking moves from required to strongly recommended

California will change its school masking policy from “required” to “strongly recommended” beginning March 12, according to a joint release in which Gov. Gavin Newsom joined the governors of Oregon and Washington in announcing new masking policies. The announcement applies to students and staff, and there is no distinction between vaccinated and unvaccinated individuals. In addition, as school buses serving K-12 populations are considered a school setting, masking remains required through March 11, after which time masking will be strongly recommended.

CSBA President Dr. Susan Heredia welcomed the dual announcements as responsive to many of the requests issued in the organization’s Feb. 22 letter to Gov. Newsom and described them as important steps toward a more sensible and productive learning environment for California students.

Executive orders and county health orders continue to impact LEAs in 2022
Orders relate to substitutes, board meetings and changes in contact tracing protocols
Schools have had to navigate numerous obstacles to educate students in person amid the omicron surge and resulting staffing shortages this year. As the COVID-19 pandemic enters year three, state and local authorities continue to use temporary orders to try to address these ongoing challenges. School districts and county offices of education should continue to monitor statewide executive orders, California Department of Public Health guidance, and their local county health orders that may affect their schools.

This article is intended to update boards on some of the recent executive orders, guidelines and health orders affecting local educational agencies. On Feb. 25, 2022, Gov. Gavin Newsom issued an executive order to roll back some of his executive orders related to the COVID-19 pandemic while maintaining the proclaimed State of Emergency. Updates in this article include the Feb. 25 executive order and how it applies to Executive Order N-3-22.

CTC makes headway on early childhood education initiatives
Teacher assessments and phasing out the RICA also discussed
close-up of a student taking a test

In its first meeting of the year, the California Commission on Teacher Credentialing on Feb. 10–11 took on a packed agenda that contained updates on work relating to early childhood education, rich discussions about the use of Teacher Performance Assessments (TPAs), and early steps in creating a new literacy performance assessment for teacher candidates. 

COE collaborative working to address wellness and mental health
What began as a collaboration with the California Department of Education to roll out an online suicide prevention training to county offices of education across the state has morphed into an ongoing group effort to address the mental health and wellness needs of K-12 students and staff.
students sitting together

In February 2020, just before the COVID-19 pandemic shut down school campuses and rattled the education field and world, the San Diego County Office of Education was working to identify mental health and/or wellness leaders at each of the state’s 58 COEs to help with training-related needs.

“Everybody had different titles, but they gave us a person and so came together the group,” recalled Mara Madrigal-Weiss, executive director of Student Wellness and School Culture at San Diego COE. “That was the first time that we had people who were identified as mental health or wellness [leaders] come together.”

CCEE discusses new organizational structure
Three new centers refine focus areas

The California Collaborative for Educational Excellence convened on Feb. 3 to delve into the agency’s new structure with a spotlight on transformative systems.

CCEE’s new organizational structures were highlighted by Executive Director Matt Navo, who was appointed to the position in summer 2021. While Navo and his team were hopeful that there would be minimal changes during the transition in leadership, it became apparent though engagement efforts with education partners that people needed more clarity from the CCEE amid the pandemic, refined focus areas and new ways to engage with the entity.

In response to these needs, the organization was restructured into three centers: Teaching, learning and leading; Innovation, instruction and impact; and Transformative systems. Each center has three initiatives associated with it that can be viewed in the report at

Equity and opportunity in rural California
The unique challenges of rural schools need unique supports
The agricultural economy in rural California generates around $50 billion annually in GDP — which happens to be roughly on par with the economic output of Hollywood films. California is not just for making movies. It’s not just a destination for tourism and recreation. It’s where over a third of the country’s vegetables and two-thirds of the country’s fruits and nuts are grown.

This economic feat arises from surprisingly few. Rural California is home to just 6 percent of the state’s population and 3 percent of the state’s K-12 students — roughly half a million children — and each of them matters.

Rural LEAs face unique challenges
Many rural students have limited access to internet services — that’s why a school district in Tulare County installed WiFi towers to enable students to bring the internet home after school.
UpcomingEvents info: 800-266-3382
Attention: All listed events will take place virtually. For more information about events, visit
Virtual Events
March 15–16
MIG Course 1: Foundations of Effective Governance/Setting Direction
March 25–26
MIG Course 1: Foundations of Effective Governance/Setting Direction
April 6–7
MIG Course 1: Foundations of Effective Governance/Setting Direction
In-person events
July 22–23
2022 Leadership Institute | Los Angeles
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