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March 2024 Vol. 30, 3

State budget deficit continues to widen, threatening K-12 education funding
Governor’s January Budget includes concerning Proposition 98 funding maneuver

With Gov. Gavin Newsom’s introduction of his January Budget, the Legislature has begun 2024–25 budget deliberations. Unlike past years, this budget is influenced heavily by unprecedented circumstances. Due to the severe storms the state experienced during the winter months of 2022–23, both the federal Internal Revenue Service and the California Franchise Tax Board delayed the deadline to submit income tax filing by seven months, from April until November 2023. This delay forced the Governor and Legislature to rely upon revenue projections instead of actual revenues in the adoption of the 2023–24 budget.

It was only after the adoption of the 2023 Budget Act that it was revealed income tax collections fell 25 percent, which, according to the Legislative Analyst’s Office (LAO), “results in an unprecedented prior‑year reduction to the minimum funding requirement for schools and community colleges.” As a result, the Proposition 98 Guarantee for the 2022–23 fiscal year was funded $8 billion above what it should have been. This has created a substantial shortfall within Prop 98, and the budgetary actions required to bridge this gap are complex and raise serious concerns about the future of Prop 98 funding levels.

close up of a full book shelf holding a stack of books with one book sitting open at the top
A new CSBA brief, “Instructional Materials Adoptions: State and Local Governing Board Processes, Roles, and Responsibilities,” details the importance of high-quality instructional materials for student learning, the role of the board and a look at upcoming adoptions.
Register for the 2024 Coast2Coast Federal Advocacy Trip
Coast2Coast places California’s education issues on the national stage at a critical moment
CSBA Coast2Coast - Washington, D.C. Federal Advocacy Trip - April 8-10, 2024

CSBA and the Association of California School Administrators (ACSA) will host the third annual Coast2Coast Federal Advocacy Trip to Washington, D.C., from April 8–10, 2024. Don’t miss your chance to be a part of this advocacy event and shine a light on the issues affecting the state’s nearly 6 million students. California school district and county office of education board members and superintendents can bring their local issues straight to the nation’s Capital during this three-day event.

The 2024 Coast2Coast event will begin with a day of brushing up on education policy issues specific to California, an “insiders’” briefing on the latest politics affecting federal education policy, and a networking opportunity with prominent D.C. figures and fellow educators. This will be followed by two days of meetings on Capitol Hill to advocate directly with California congressional representatives, White House officials, key federal agency leaders and other top policymakers.

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Chief Communications Officer:
Troy Flint |

Editorial Director:
Kimberly Sellery |

Staff Writers and Contributors:
Alisha Kirby |
Heather Kemp |
Bode Owoyele |
Christa Matthews |
Chris Reefe |
Meghan Russell |

Director of Graphic Design & Branding:
Kerry Macklin |

Senior Graphic Designer:
Amanda Moen |

Albert Gonzalez | Santa Clara USD

Bettye Lusk | Monterey Peninsula USD

Vice President:
Debra Schade | Solana Beach SD

Immediate Past President:
Susan Markarian | Pacific Union ESD

CEO & Executive Director:
Vernon M. Billy

The California School Boards Association is the essential voice for public education. We inspire our members to be knowledgeable leaders, extraordinary governance practitioners and ardent advocates for all students.
California School News (ISSN 1091-1715) is published 11 times per year by the California School Boards Association, Inc., 3251 Beacon Blvd., West Sacramento, CA 95691. 916-371-4691. $4 of CSBA annual membership dues is for the subscription to California School News. The subscription rate for each CSBA nonmember is $35. Periodicals postage paid at West Sacramento, CA and at additional mailing office. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to California School News, 3251 Beacon Blvd., West Sacramento, CA 95691.

News and feature items submitted for publication are edited for style and space as necessary.

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President’s Message: Albert Gonzalez

58 COEs, 940 school districts, one united association
Advocating at the state and federal level to improve California public education
As a longtime school board member and lifelong learner, I relish the opportunity to receive training, share my perspective and engage with colleagues on governance issues. It’s one of the reasons I became so involved with and remain a huge advocate of CSBA. On March 8 and 9, I was fortunate to join county office of education trustees from across California for the inaugural CSBA County Board Governance Workshop, hosted in Sacramento.

It was wonderful to see faces old and new who are dedicated to the critical work county boards perform. As a Santa Clara Unified School District trustee, I see firsthand the assistance county offices of education provide to local school districts as well as the essential services they offer to students, particularly high-need students, a population disproportionately affected by inequitable education as well as the lingering effects of the pandemic.

CSBA debuts ethics training
Fulfills requirement of AB 2158
black and white hand holding up a digital illustration of a light bulb

In September 2022, Gov. Gavin Newsom signed into law Assembly Bill 2158, which requires school district governing boards, county boards of education and governing bodies for charter schools to complete ethics trainings every two years during their term of service. Previously, these entities were exempt from the ethics training requirements, but under AB 2158, these school district and county office board members are required to complete ethics training as well. The law went into effect for board members elected in November 2022 elections and all board members who will be serving in office as of Jan. 1, 2025.

CSBA has created a training to aid trustees in fulfilling this new requirement. Members attending the training will gain an understanding of the various ethical responsibilities of board members imposed by California law, including financial conflicts of interest, gifts and Form 700 reporting, and learn how to effectively manage conflicts of interest and ethical dilemmas. CSBA’s training is provided by licensed California attorneys and, in addition to enhancing your decision-making skills, meets AB 2158’s requirements for board members.

Governance corner
Practical tips from our MIG faculty
Enhancing school governance: The value of board self-evaluation in achieving student success

In the dynamic landscape of education, effective governance is pivotal to the success of a local educational agency and in shaping students’ educational journey. To strengthen the board’s commitment to excellence, they should engage in continuous improvement. One powerful tool recommended by Board Bylaw 9400 is the board self-evaluation, which states, “The Governing Board shall annually conduct a self-evaluation in order to demonstrate accountability to the community and ensure that district governance effectively supports student achievement and the attainment of the district’s vision and goals.”

Board self-evaluation is a reflective process where trustees assess their collective performance and identify strengths and areas for improvement. This introspective exercise is not just a procedural requirement but a catalyst for growth and progress within the LEA.


2024–25 CSBA Officers and Board of Directors

headshot of Albert Gonzalez
Albert Gonzalez

Santa Clara USD
headshot of Bettye Lusk
Bettye Lusk

Monterey Peninsula USD
headshot of Debra Schade
Debra Schade
Vice President

Solana Beach SD
headshot of Susan Markarian
Susan Markarian
Immediate Past President

Pacific Union ESD
headshot of Tyler Nelson
Tyler Nelson
Region 1

Ukiah USD
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Region 2
headshot of David T. Gracia
David T. Gracia
Region 3

Napa Valley USD
headshot of Renee Nash
Renee Nash
Region 4

Eureka Union SD
headshot of Alisa MacAvoy

Alisa MacAvoy
Region 5

Redwood City SD

headshot of  Jackie Wong
Jackie Wong
Region 6

Washington USD
headshot of Rachel Hurd
Rachel Hurd
Region 7

San Ramon Valley USD
headshot of Christopher “Kit” Oase
Christopher “Kit” Oase
Region 8

Ripon USD
Prop 28 primer
Funds began to reach schools in February

Ahead of Arts Education Month in March, the California Department of Education hosted a Feb. 1 webinar on how local educational agencies can put Proposition 28 funds into practice.

Referred to as the Arts and Music in Schools (AMS) Funding Guarantee and Accountability Act, the legislation was approved by voters in 2022 and requires the state to create an ongoing program to support arts instruction in schools beginning in the 2023–24 academic year. Money began to flow into schools in February, and while some LEAs got a head start on hiring educators and expanding arts offerings before the dollars dropped, others are just getting started.

New instructional materials resources are available to aid trustees
Supporting student success through the adoption of inclusive instructional materials
books lined up with spines facing outward

Instructional materials are central to students’ educational success, and local governing boards play a critical role in ensuring the smooth adoption of high-quality materials the reflect the diversity in their communities.

A new CSBA brief, “Instructional Materials Adoptions: State and Local Governing Board Processes, Roles, and Responsibilities,” details the importance of high-quality instructional materials for student learning, provides crucial information about the legal requirements enacted by Assembly Bill 1078, and looks at upcoming adoptions related to California’s new Mathematics Framework. The brief also explains the difference between standards and frameworks, how they relate to instructional materials, and state and local roles in adopting instructional materials.

Call for 2024 AEC proposals and Golden Award nominations
Application period opens April 1
csba aec
Calling all education changemakers! CSBA is seeking trailblazing ideas for its 2024 Annual Education Conference and Trade Show in Anaheim, Dec. 5–7.

From April 1 to May 3, CSBA is inviting members from across the state to submit proposals that will spark important conversations and shape the future of public education in California.

Share your expertise in two ways:

  1. Workshops: Dive deep into specific themes or challenges featuring practical applications, strategies and programs that your local educational agency has used to address specific challenges, facilitated discussions and collaborative learning opportunities.
  2. Table Talks: Ignite discussions on emerging topics and critical trends in a dynamic, small-group setting.
California introduces free behavioral health apps for families, young people
Apps provide easy access to content supporting mental wellness
A duo of free web- and app-based tools offering families with children or young adults ages 0-25 one-on-one sessions with live wellness coaches, wellness exercises, a library of multimedia resources and access to peer communities moderated by trained behavioral health professionals, were launched by the California Department of Health Care Services (DHCS) in January.

With rates of anxiety, depression and self-harm on the rise nationally among youth and a shortage of mental health providers, the new applications — housed under the umbrella name Behavioral Health Virtual Services Platform — intend to help meet the increasing demand for services seen across the state.

Employee safety and workplace violence prevention plans
SB 553 requires these plans to be in place by July 1, 2024
Although schools are actually very safe, school safety is an ongoing concern for students, parents and district employees. According to the AASA, The School Superintendents Association, schools remain the safest place for children, and schools are safer now than they were 20 years ago. Protecting against rare instances of school violence requires a comprehensive and holistic approach, with boards of education playing a critical role in providing safe environments for students and staff.

To address campus risks, prepare for emergencies and create a safe, secure learning environment for students and staff, districts are required to develop and maintain a comprehensive school safety plan.

A review of recently denied U.S. Supreme Court cases
Cases range from the use of school facilities by transgender students to reviews of admissions practices
supreme court

The United States Supreme Court hears a limited number of cases every year and only a handful of those cases are usually related to education matters. Many cases are submitted to the court in the hopes that it will grant “certiorari,” or review, but most are denied the chance to argue their case and do not receive any consideration from the Court. Below is a summary of four education cases that were recently submitted to the Court for consideration.


Commission on Teacher Credentialing launches PK-3 credential and adopts revised teaching standards

Alternate means of proving subject matter competence also approved
woman wearing blue blouse with white details and glasses while leaning against a whiteboard
The Feb. 8-9 meeting of the California Commission on Teacher Credentialing opened with the culmination of years of work with the announcement of the approved PK-3 Early Childhood Education (ECE) Specialist Instruction Credential. Commission-accredited institutions have been able to apply to bring the instruction program to their schools since early 2023, and now those programs can be approved and start implementing the new credential.

During the meeting, commissioners adopted the revised California Standards for the Teaching Profession (CSTP) and approved a new option for certifying subject matter competence.

California Standards for the Teaching Profession

The CSTP were originally developed and adopted in the 1990s and most recently updated in 2009. The standards describe the set of knowledge, skills and abilities characteristic of accomplished professional practice at the level expected of effective veteran teachers.


What LEAs can do to support foster youth and prepare them for the future

Report incorporates foster youth voices to reimagine extended foster care
a teacher and student smile as they look at studying material on a screen

A new report details the significant overhaul needed across sectors to better support and prepare those exiting the foster care system as they transition into adulthood — and schools can play an important role in reinforcing this work.

Released in January by the Institute for the Future, Youth Law Center and California Youth Connection, On the Threshold of Change: Forces that could transform future conditions for youth in Extended Foster Care (EFC) notes that a pandemic, rapidly advancing technology, climate crises, economic, workforce, housing and societal changes and more — circumstances that could never have been imagined by policymakers a decade ago — are already dramatically impacting foster youth transitioning to adulthood, while outdated systems have struggled to respond.

Preparing students with disabilities for the workforce
San Joaquin COE program helps special education students find their niche
San Joaquin County Office of Education has long prepared students with disabilities for jobs that would allow them to lead more independent lives upon graduation, and by overcoming recent obstacles including the COVID-19 pandemic, county officials have developed additional programming that has further benefited students.

The WorkAbility I (WAI) grant program piloted by the California Department of Education in 1981 is a career awareness, exploration and training program for special education students ages 12 to 22. Part of the Special Education Local Plan Area (SELPA) department housed at San Joaquin COE, it provides students with opportunities to participate in career speaker presentations, mock interviews, job shadowing, industry tours and career exploration. This allows students to find their interests, skills and abilities while learning job-search, readiness and retention skills. The program provides paid job training opportunities for students 16 years and older at participating local businesses with ongoing support and guidance from WAI vocational staff.

UpcomingEvents info: 800-266-3382
Attention: For more information about events, visit
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